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There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Prague each year. The main ones are listed below.

January 1: New Year's Day (national holiday)

January 6: Epiphany (national holiday)

The festival celebrates the Day of the Three Kings, when the Magi came to worship Christ, and marks the end of the Christmas season. Church bells ring across Prague and everyone is encouraged to offer gifts to those less advantaged.

January 19: Anniversary of Jan Palach's Death (national holiday)

Each year, Czechs of all ages gather in front of the memorial in Wenceslas Square, dedicated to Jan Palach, a 21-year-old student who burned himself to death here on this day in 1969, to protest the Soviet occupation of his country.

May 1: Labour Day (national holiday)

Late June–early September: Summer Shakespeare Festival (local event)

Founded in 1994, this festival pays tribute to the great English dramatist each summer, by staging some 150 performances (all plays are presented in Czech) at historic open-air venues across Prague.

October: Designblok (local event)

The premier design event in Central Europe, this festival showcases design in all its forms. Among the highlights are a fashion show and displays of jewellery, clothing, furniture, home furnishings, lighting, and industrial and utilitarian design from Czech and international designers. Apart from individual creators, exhibitors also include design studios, schools and internationally renowned brands.

October 28: Founding Day (national holiday)

Commemorates the founding of the first independent Czechoslovak state, from territories that were previously part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, on this day in 1918. Highlights includes official ceremonies, military parades, concerts and fireworks.

Late November–late December: Christmas Markets (local event)

In Prague, each district has its own Christmas market: the most impressive ones are held on Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square. The Czech capital also organizes many Christmas concerts during this same period.

December 25: Christmas (national holiday)

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Prague has a semi-continental climate characterized by a relatively wide range of temperatures. Winters are usually cold, dry and sunny, with frequent snowfall. Summers are very warm and pleasant.

Month Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°) Average Rains (MM) Best Time to Travel
January -1/30 3/37 20/0.8 Not the best period to go
February -1/30 5/41 18/0.7 Not the best period to go
March 2/36 9/48 28/1.1 Not the best period to go
April 6/43 14/57 28/1.1 Not the best period to go
May 10/50 20/68 58/2.3 Not the best period to go
June 13/55 23/73 66/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
July 15/59 25/77 65/2.6 Good period to go Good period to go
August 15/59 25/77 59/2.3 Good period to go Good period to go
September 11/52 20/68 36/1.4 Good period to go Good period to go
October 7/45 14/57 26/1.0 Not the best period to go
November 3/37 7/45 29/1.1 Not the best period to go
December 0/32 4/39 23/0.9 Not the best period to go
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Prague Vaclav Havel International Airport

Prague's Vaclav Havel International Airport is located about 18 kilometres (11 miles) from the city centre.

  • Four terminals:
    • Terminal Nord 1
    • Terminal Nord 2 (Air France)
    • Terminal Sud 1
    • Terminal Sud 2

Getting from the airport to Prague and back
  • By car
    • Accessible via the E-48.
    • Short-term parking lots (P1 and P2) are located opposite the North Terminal, intended especially for picking up and dropping off passengers (free for the first 15 minutes, CZK 100 for up to 30 minutes, and CZK 100 for each additional half hour). Two types of long-term parking facilities are also available: Smart (PA), Economy (PB) or Comfort (PC) close to the terminals, all charging an hourly rate of CZK 50 for up to 11 hours and a day rate of CZK 590, and Holiday (PD) slightly further away, for stays longer than 1 day (CZK 590 for 3 days when booked online, including free bus transfer to the terminals).
    • Several car rental companies have counters in a separate hall on the ground floor of the Comfort (PC) parking garage.
  • By bus
    • Airport Express buses connect the airport with Prague's main train station every half hour from 5:30 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., with a travel time of about 35 minutes (CZK 60 each way).
    • Two municipal buses offers service to and from the airport:
      • Bus 119 connects the airport with Nádraží Veleslavín station on Line A of the Metro in about 15 minutes, with departures every 5–20 minutes.
      • Bus 100 connects the airport with Zličín station on Line B of the Metro in about 18 minutes, with departures every 7–30 minutes.
    • The fare for either of these two buses is CZK 32, including transfers to other public transport within a total travel time of 90 minutes.
  • By minibus
    • Cedaz operates minibuses between the airport and the city centre every 30 minutes from 7:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. Travel time is about 20–25 minutes and the fare is CZK 150 each way.
  • By taxi
    • Taxis are available at the ranks outside each terminal. The trip to the city centre takes about 15 minutes and costs around CZK 400.
  • Services: shops, bars and restaurants, Internet access (Wi-Fi) available in the airport.
  • Telephone: +420 220 111 888
  • Website:

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Prague is a pleasant city to explore and easy to get around. The Czech capital has an excellent and integrated public transport system with a Metro, buses, trams and night trams.

By rail

Prague's Metro is certainly the fastest and most convenient public transport option for getting around the city. It is particularly useful for relatively long distances or when heading from the city centre to peripheral areas. A single ticket costs CZK 32 and remains valid for 90 minutes from first use on the Metro, trams or buses.

By tram

Prague's trams are particularly efficient and serve all areas of the city. A single ticket costs CZK 32 and remains valid for 90 minutes from first use on the Metro, trams or buses.

By bus

Prague's buses complement the other modes of transport effectively, serving areas not well served by either the Metro or the trams. For the most part, the bus network is limited to central Prague. A single ticket costs CZK 32 and remains valid for 90 minutes from first use on the Metro, trams or buses.

By taxi

Taking a taxi in Prague is a rather costly option. The initial charge is CZK 40, then CZK 28 per kilometre.

On foot

As the centre of Prague is wonderfully compact, discovering the city on foot is a thoroughly enjoyable experience and is unquestionably the best way to get around, unless you are pressed for time.

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Visitor information

Upon your arrival in Prague, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay.

Prague City Tourism

Offers practical information and many useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).

  • Address: Arbesovo nám. 70/4, 150 00 Praha 5
  • Telephone: +420 221 714 714
  • Website:

Further information available online for visitors to the Czech Republic

The official website maintained by the Czech Tourism Authority provides a wealth of information on Prague and its region.

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Currency and Exchange Rates

The currency used in Czech Republic is the euro (€).

1 SEK = 2,51 CZK

1 CZK = 0,40 SEK

The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.

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Medical information

See your doctor before you travel.


There are no vaccination requirements for visitors to the Czech Republic.

For more information, contact Air France's international vaccination centre:


Tap water is safe to drink in Prague.

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Administrative formalities

For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area, as well as those from the countries of the European Union not included in the area, need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter the Czech Republic.

As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter the Czech Republic for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.
For further information, visit the website of the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs:

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Essential phrases

Here are a few basic Czech phrases that will make your stay in Prague a little easier:

Hello / How do you do?: Dobrý den

Good morning: Dobré ráno

Good evening: Dobrý večer

Goodbye: Nashledanou

Yes: Ano

No: Ne

Thank you very much: Děkuji mnohokrát

No, thank you: Ne, děkuji

Please / You're welcome: Prosím

I don't understand: Nerozumím.

Could you repeat that: Můžete to zopakovat?

We'd like (…): Chceme (…).

I'd like (…): Chci (…).

What time is it: Kolik je hodin?

Excuse me: Promiňte.

Airport: Letiště

Train station: Nádraží

Taxi: Taxi

Hotel: Hotel

Hospital: Nemocnice

Bank: Banka

Telephone: Telefon

I'm (…): Já jsem (…).

I'm looking for (…): Hledám (…).

How much is it: Kolik to stojí?

Do you have (…): Máte (…)?

Where can I find (…): Kde mohu najít (…)?

Where can I buy (…): Kde mohu koupit (…)?

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Good to know

intl. access code + 420
+ phone number without the 0 (calls to Prague)
0 : 00
of time difference with
Start of daylight saving time: last Sunday in March
End of daylight saving time: last Sunday in October


Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Government offices

Usually open Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. to 5 p.m.
230 V / 50 Hz

And what about tipping?
Tipping is expected in Prague, as in the rest of the Czech Republic, but the tip should be handed to the server when paying the bill, rather than leaving it on the table. There is no hard-and-fast rule for the amount, but 5 to 10 percent of the bill is usually appropriate. The lowest percentage is entirely acceptable when you are dining in a café or a casual restaurant, whereas higher percentages are suitable at mid-level and upmarket restaurants.